In this post we’ll give you the probation definitions for the most common types of probation. There are 4 main types, they include: standard probation, intensive supervised probation, shock probation, and diversion. When considering becoming a probation officer it is good to be familiar with these different types of probation.
These are the basic requirements that all offenders must adhere to when placed on probation. Many critics of the probation system see this type of probation as nothing more than an offender agreeing to meet these basic requirements of probation in order to never be seen again. This type of probation has been criticized for not being particularly helpful for keeping offenders from committing crimes in the future because it lacks accountability.
Intensive Supervised Probation
This type of probation is exactly as it sounds, intensive supervision and contact on a daily basis early on. Depending on the offenders ability to comply with their probation requirements and how the officer feels regarding the offenders compliance, over time the frequency of contact may be somewhat reduced. This type of probation is more effective in ensuring offenders stay compliant and out of trouble than probation with less frequent and intense supervision.
Shock probation involves the offender being sentenced to a short time of incarceration. After the offender has completed the short incarceration period, they are then placed on probation. The goal of shock probation is to “shock” the offender into realizing the magnitude of the consequences of not following the subsequent parole period after the brief lock-up period.
This type of probation is most often used with first time offenders who have committed very minor offenses. Offenders given diversion are offered a chance to clear their official record of the offense by complying with certain conditions and terms over a period of time. These terms often include staying out of trouble, completing certain programs, paying restitution and so forth. While diversion is not technically considered probation, it is typically monitored by a probation officer.
These types of probation are used as alternatives to incarceration, in order to allow offenders to continue to live in the community while they attempt to become productive members of society again. It is up to the court to determine if one of these types of probation will be more beneficial for an offender than placing them in jail.
We hope you’ve found the probation definitions for these most common types of probation helpful. For more good information for those interested in how to become a probation officer you can visit some of our other related web pages like probation officer salary.